文章結構分析-01 (93年閱讀50-52題)

文章結構分析-02 (94年閱讀46-49題)

文章結構分析-03 (94年閱讀50-52題)

文章結構分析-04 (95年閱讀46-48題)

文章結構分析-05 (95年閱讀49-52題)

文章結構分析-06 (95年閱讀53-56題)

文章結構分析-07 (96年閱讀50-52題)

文章結構分析-08 (96年閱讀53-56題)

文章結構分析-09 (97年閱讀46-49題)

文章結構分析-10 (97年閱讀50-53題)

文章結構分析-11 (98年閱讀40-43題)

文章結構分析-12 (98年閱讀48-51題)

93 年閱讀 50-52 題的觀看講解

第 50至52題為題組

Many buildings in Taiwan have survived earthquakes, but some appear to have fallen over like toys. This, say experts, is a sign that engineers did not pay enough attention to the foundations, or that the quake virtually turned the soft sediment below into a “liquid”—meaning the apartments should not have been constructed in these locations in the first place. According to Dr. David Petley, of the UK’s Portsmouth University, there are widespread occurrences in Taiwan where building codes are ignored and where development has occurred in locations where it should not have been allowed. Having worked on government-backed risk reduction projects in Taiwan since 1991, Dr. Petley further pointed out that there’s quite a lot of illegal construction work going on in Taiwan as a result of the very rapid development.

However, seismologists and engineers say that the government’s use of three building codes formulated to counter the threat of earthquakes may have spared the island from a death toll far higher than that now being revealed. For instance, Walter Mooney, of the US Geological Survey, conducted a research comparing Taiwan’s preparedness for earthquakes with that of Turkey, and found that Taiwan h  as been doing a good job: Whereas an estimated 65% of buildings in Turkey were illegally constructed, failing many safety tests, Taiwan has been largely successful in enforcing its own laws.

50. This passage was written mainly to ________.

(A) warn Taiwan residents about the danger of rapid urban development 

(B) propose solutions to the problems caused by earthquakes in Taiwan

(C) discuss the safety problems of buildings in Taiwan during earthquakes

(D) compare the death tolls in Turkey and Taiwan during recent earthquakes 

51. Which of the following is mentioned by Dr. Petley as one factor leading to the collapse of buildings when earthquakes strike Taiwan?

(A) There is too much water underground.

(B) There is a lack of qualified engineers.

(C) Building codes are still waiting approval.

(D) Buildings have been constructed where they shouldn’t have been.

52. The word seismologists in the second paragraph most likely means “experts on _____”.

  (A) earthquake studies (B) weather conditions (C) government policies (D) water resources

94 年閱讀 46-49 題的觀看講解

第 46 至 49 題為題組

In recent years, a craze for height has hit hard in industrializing Asian countries like Taiwan, Hong Kong and China, which boast seven of the world’s 10 tallest buildings. The current tallest, at 101 floors, is the Taipei 101 in Taiwan, though Toronto’s CN Tower is 180 feet higher, largely because of its huge antenna. Yet, in the Persian Gulf city of Dubai, the world’s tallest building-to-be is already well under construction. Its pilings are already in place, plunging 160 feet into the earth. When it’s finished, visitors will swoon over this city from 123 stories high, if not more. Currently, however, its exact height is still kept a secret to potential competitors in the world’s race for the title of the tallest skyscraper. While New York built skyscrapers because land was scarce, Dubai is doing it to get on the world map. “It’s image, clearly,” said Richard Rosan, president of its construction firm. “There’s no practical reason for having a building this tall. You can’t be scared of heights if you want to work on the top floor.” On paper, the Dubai Tower looks something like a giant space shuttle about to be launched into the clouds. Designers say the silvery steel-and-glass building will restore to the Arab world the honor of hosting the earth’s tallest structure—a title lost in 1889 when the Eiffel Tower upset the 43-century reign of Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza.

46. According to the passage, how tall will the Dubai Tower be?

(A) At least 43 stories higher than Toronto’s CN Tower.

(B) 180 feet higher than Toronto’s CN Tower.

(C) At least 22 stories higher than the Taipei 101.

(D) 160 feet higher than the Taipei 101.

47. The main purpose for building the Dubai Tower is __________.

(A) for people who are not scared of heights to work on the top floor

(B) for the construction company to maintain its business

(C) for the Arab world to honor its industrialization

(D) for the city of Dubai to gain world fame 

48. Which of the following is true of the Dubai Tower?

(A) It will include a 160-feet huge antenna.

(B) It may be built in the shape of a space shuttle.

(C) It uses silver as the major construction material.

(D) It has already been built up to 180 feet above the ground.

49. The word upset in the last paragraph means __________. 

(A) distorted an important fact 

( B ) knocked  something over accidentally

(C) defeated a strong competitor 

(D) made someone feel sad, worried, or angry 

94 年閱讀 50-52 題的觀看講解

第 50 至 53 題為題組

Dr. Thompson was pleased. Just three months after moving to the small Midwestern town, he had been invited to address an evening meeting of the Chamber of Commerce. Here was the perfect opportunity to show his knowledge of modern medicine and to get his practice off to a flourishing start. With this in mind, the doctor prepared carefully.

On the night of his speech, Dr. Thompson was delighted to see that the meeting hall was full. After being introduced, he strode confidently to the lectern and announced his topic: “Recent Advances in Medicine.” He began with a detailed discussion of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a rare brain disorder that had recently been covered in the New England Journal of Medicine. Next he outlined the progress that had been made in studying immune system disorders. 

Just about this time, halfway through his speech, Dr. Thompson began to notice a certain restlessness in his audience. People were murmuring and shuffling their feet. Someone in the fourth row seemed to be glancing at a newspaper. Nevertheless, Dr. Thompson plowed on. He had saved the best for last. He quoted extensively from an article in the Lancet about genetic research, feeling sure his audience would be impressed by his familiarity with this prestigious British medical journal. 

Then the speech was over. Dr. Thompson had expected to be surrounded by enthusiastic people, congratulating him and asking questions. Instead he found himself standing alone. Finally the president of the Chamber of Commerce came up to him. “Something tells me,” said Dr. Thompson, “that my speech was not very successful. I can’t understand it. I worked so hard to make it interesting.” “Oh, it was a fine speech,” replied the president. “But maybe it would have gone over better with a different audience. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is not exactly a factor in these people’s everyday experience. You know, here we are in January. If you’d talked about ways to avoid getting the flu, you’d have had them on the edge of their seats!” 

50. What is the main message of the passage?

(A) A good speaker has to be fully prepared regardless of the audience.

(B) A good speaker should display his learning to the audience in an enthusiastic way.

(C) The more a speaker wants to please the audience, the more likely he will succeed.

(D) The key to a successful speech is to make it meaningful and relevant to the audience.

51. What was the reaction of the audience to Dr. Thompson’s speech?

(A) They were bored because the medical topics were not their daily concern.

(B) They did not understand him so they could only discuss among themselves.

(C) They were impressed by his familiarity with advanced research in medicine.

(D) They congratulated him on the success of the speech and asked him questions.

52. Which topic was NOT mentioned in the doctor’s speech?

(A) Genetic research. (B) Flu.

(C) Immune system disorder. (D) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

53. What does “had them on the edge of their seats” mean in the last sentence of the passage?

(A) Had them stand up. (B) Took them by surprise.

(C) Caught their full attention.     (D) Aroused their suspicion.

95 年閱讀 46-48 題的觀看講解

第 46 至 48 題為題組

Rice balls with folded plastic wrappers separating the rice from the seaweed; a dozen kinds of cold tea in a dozen different bottles―enter any convenience store in Japan, and you’re immediately struck by the great variety and quality of the packaging!

Japanese companies have been accused of over-packaging; but within the Japanese cultural context, that’s not really true. The Japanese tend to use more packaging because of a cultural emphasis on freshness and a lack of storage space at home. Moreover, they believe nice packaging adds value because it’s a strong signal of quality. What’s more, compared with Westerners, the Japanese are more connected with packaging as a symbol of appreciation, love and care. Packaging has, therefore, attained an important place in Japan’s economy. The packaging market is worth over ¥7.4 trillion. New packaging is introduced to Japanese store shelves at a rate of 20 percent per year, the highest rate in the world. In such an environment, a product has to have more than just a nice graphic design to differentiate it from its shelf-mates. The product has to speak to the consumer’s needs with both personality and practical value. In this changing industry, nothing is really certain except one thing. You can be sure that the goods out there on display on the shelves of the convenience store will soon be looking rather different.

46. This passage is most likely taken from a ________.

(A) cookbook (B) user’s manual (C) consumer report (D) fashion magazine 

47. Which of the following is NOT a reason for the Japanese to use more packaging?

(A) Packaging helps to keep food fresh.

(B) Packaging helps the Japanese to show appreciation.

(C) The Japanese consider packaging a symbol of quality.

(D) Packaging is a way to compete with Westerners in economy.

48. The word “shelf-mates” in the second paragraph most likely refers to ________.

(A) co-workers on the job (B) other products in the store

(C) customers’ need for other products (D) other graphic designs on the package

95 年閱讀 49-52 題的觀看講解

第 49 至 52 題為題組

Native Americans could not understand the white man’s war on the wolf. The Lakota, Blackfeet, and Shoshone, among other tribes, considered the wolf their spiritual brother. They respected the animals’ endurance and hunting ability, and warriors prayed to hunt like them. They draped themselves in wolf skins and paws, hoping they could acquire the wolf’s hunting skills of stealth, courage, and stamina.  Plains Indians wore wolf-skin disguises on raiding parties. Elite Comanche warriors were called wolves.

The white settlers’ war on the wolf raged on. Western ranchers continued to claim that thousands of cattle were killed every year by wolves. In 1884, Montana created its first wolf bounty—one dollar for every dead wolf, which increased to eight dollars in 1893. Over a period of thirty-five years, more than eighty thousand wolf carcasses were submitted for bounty payments in Montana. Moreover, the government even provided free poison. Finally, in 1914, ranchers persuaded the United States Congress to provide funds to exterminate wolves on public lands.

The last wolves in the American West died hard. No place was safe, not even the nation’s first national park, Yellowstone. The park was created in 1872, and from its very beginning, poisoned carcasses were set out to kill wolves. Nearly 140 wolves were killed by park rangers in Yellowstone from 1914 to 1926. In October 1926, two wolf cubs were trapped near a bison carcass. They were the last animals killed in the park’s wolf control programs.

Ranchers had won the war against the wolf. Only in the northern woods of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan could the howl of native gray wolves be heard. The vast lands of the American West fell silent. The country had lost its greatest predator.

49. The white man tried to kill the gray wolf because ________.

(A) it attacked people (B) it damaged the crops 

(C) it was adored by the Indians (D) it threatened the life of his livestock

50. This passage was most likely written by someone who ________.

(A) liked hunting wild animals

(B) made laws against the gray wolf

(C) advocated the protection of the gray wolf

(D) appreciated the gray wolf’s hunting skills 

51. What was an important reason for the fast disappearance of the wolf?

(A) The wolf could not have the cattle as food.

(B) The Indians killed the wolves for their skins.

(C) National park rangers killed most of the wolves.

(D) The government encouraged the killing of wolves.

52. The Indians respected the wolf because it _______.

(A) was good at hunting (B) was good at disguising

(C) had beautiful skins and paws (D) was an enemy to the white man

95 年閱讀 53-56 題的觀看講解

第 53 至 56 題為題組

Recently, Dr. Stuart Campbell of a private health center in London published some ultrasound images of unborn babies between 26 and 34 weeks. The smiles of the babies in the pictures greatly shocked the public and were widely circulated on the Internet. 

For the past two years, the doctor has used the medical facility in the center and has offered state-of-the-art 3-D/4-D scanning services to expectant parents. He performs an average of 30 scans a week. His outspoken enthusiasm for this blessed technology is refreshing. “Parents love them,” he said. “I hear so many couples laughing when they see the pictures—it’s wonderful.”

How have pro-abortion activists reacted after seeing the happy, grinning photos of these unborn babies?

Anne Carp, a commentator for the Guardian who bills herself as a “medical sociologist,” says the photos are simply misleading, and ridicules the anti-abortion lobby for being “intoxicated with evidence of a fetus’ humanity.” Australian Birth Control Services medical director Geoff Brodie complained that the photos “will be picked up by those groups that use anything and everything to stop abortions but ignore the fact that women have a right to choice.” 

In America, the pro-abortion lobby is having the same hostile reaction. It was bad enough when conventional 2-D sonograms revealed unborn hearts beating and blurry hands waving, but the abortionists are absolutely aghast over rapidly spreading access to 3-D/4-D ultrasound technology. A writer for the liberal American Prospect said that the new technology “blurred the distinction between a fetus and a newborn infant.” 

Despite these strong reactions from the pro-abortionists, the right of life takes precedence over a woman’s right to choice. After all, nothing can be more persuasive than an unborn child’s beaming face. 

53. What is the author’s attitude toward abortion?

(A) For it. (B) Against it. (C) Neutral. (D) Indifferent.

54. How have the pro-abortionists reacted to the photos of smiling unborn babies?

(A) All with disbelief and scorn.

(B) All with applause and appreciation.

(C) Some with respect and some with scorn.

(D) Some with applause and some with disappointment.

55. Which of the following people is most likely an anti-abortionist? 

(A) Anne Carp. (B) Geoff Brodie.

(C) Stuart Campbell. (D) A writer for the American Prospect.

56. Which of the following statements can be inferred from the passage?

(A) It is wrong for doctors to publish pictures of unborn babies.

(B) For anti-abortionists a fetus is not the same as a living human being. 

(C) Everybody agrees that a woman can decide whether to abort or not.

(D) Anti-abortionists are pleased with the ultrasound photos of unborn babies.

96 年閱讀 50-52 題的觀看講解

第 50 至 52 題為題組

Most parents dread a note or call from school saying that their child’s behavior is “not normal.” If your child’s academic performance and social life is suffering because they don’t pay attention, can’t sit still and act without thinking, it is most likely that they have AD/HD (Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder).

AD/HD is a neurological disorder which stems not from the home environment, but from biological and genetic causes. Its symptoms typically show up in early childhood. The main characteristics are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Inattentive children have difficulty focusing on completing a task or learning something new. Hyperactive children always seem to be restless. Often they report that they need to stay busy and may try to do several tasks at once. Impulsive children often do not think before they act. They often blurt out inappropriate comments or have difficulty taking turns in conversation.

Most children can be inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive at times. It is when these behaviors are inappropriate for their age and affect different areas in their lives that the disorder is diagnosed. Depression, anxiety, and learning disabilities may co-exist with AD/HD. Therefore, if a child is suspected of AD/HD, it is very important that he or she be evaluated by a professional.

Once your child is diagnosed with AD/HD, it is important to let the school know so that they can provide appropriate academic and social support. Your child’s school should keep this information confidential and it can usually make accommodations in the classroom to fit your child’s learning needs. 

50. What is the cause of AD/HD?

(A) Gene problem. (B) Academic pressure.

(C) Illness in childhood. (D) Inappropriate home environment.

51. Which of the following are most likely AD/HD patients?

(A) Children who are very lazy. (B) Children who are very attentive.

(C) Children who act over-cautiously. (D) Children who have learning difficulties.

52. What is the first thing to do if your child is suspected of AD/HD?

(A) Report it to the school. (B) Consult a professional.

(C) Wait until the child grows up. (D) Send the child to a special school.

96 年閱讀 53-56 題的觀看講解

第 53 至 56 題為題組

Conflict diamonds, sometimes called blood diamonds, are diamonds that are sold to fund the unlawful and illegal operations of rebel, military and terrorist groups. Countries that have been most affected by conflict diamonds are Sierra Leone, Angola, Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. They are places where citizens have been terrorized or even killed by groups in control of the local diamond trade.

Wars in most of those areas have ended or at least decreased in intensity, but the problem of conflict diamonds hasn’t gone away. Diamonds mined in some rebel-held areas, such as Liberia, are being smuggled into neighboring countries and exported as conflict-free diamonds.

In order to stop blood diamond sales, South African countries with a legitimate diamond trade began a campaign in 2000 to track the origins of all rough diamonds. Their efforts resulted in the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS), an international organization to make the world free of conflict diamonds. The goals of the KPCS are to document and track all rough diamonds when they enter a participating country. Shippers are required to place those diamonds in sealed boxes and provide enough detailed information about their origins to prove they did not originate in a conflict zone.

It’s difficult for most of us to imagine what life is like in countries where diamonds are the source of so much chaos and suffering. Furthermore, the connection between terror and diamonds is not something that’s reported heavily in the press. The 2006 movie Blood Diamond, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, should help make the issue more mainstream, if only temporarily. So, take some time to learn more about the problems that conflict diamonds create, and then follow your heart the next time you shop for a diamond.

53. Why are diamonds from some areas called “blood diamonds”?

(A) They resemble blood in color. 

(B) They cause loss of human lives.

(C) They represent love and passion.

(D) They are of exceptionally high quality.

54. What can be inferred from the second paragraph of this passage?

(A) Diamonds from Liberia are mostly conflict-free.

(B) Most diamonds from Liberia are labeled correctly.

(C) Diamonds in Liberia are still traded to support wars.

(D) Diamonds from Liberia have been carefully investigated by the KPCS.

55. What is the major task of the KPCS?

(A) To promote the sales of rough diamonds.

(B) To produce movies like Blood Diamond.

(C) To penalize those who sell blood diamonds.

(D) To document where the diamonds were mined.

56. What is the author’s attitude towards blood diamonds?

(A) Indifferent.

(B) Threatening.

(C) Sympathetic.

(D) Disapproving.

97 年閱讀 46-49 題的觀看講解

第 46 至 49 題為題組

The Lego Group had a very humble beginning in the workshop of Ole Kirk Christiansen, a carpenter from Denmark. Christiansen began creating wooden toys in 1932. Two years later, he stumbled on the Lego name by putting together the first two letters of the Danish words Leg and Godt, which mean “play well.” The name could be interpreted as “I put together” in Latin; it also corresponds to the Greek verb meaning “gather” or “pick up.”

In 1947, the company expanded to making plastic toys. At first, the use of plastic for toy manufacture was not highly regarded by retailers and consumers of the time. Many of the Lego Group’s shipments were returned, following poor sales. However, Christiansen’s son, Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, saw the immense potential in Lego bricks to become a system for creative play. As the junior managing director of the Lego Group, he spent years trying to improve the “locking” ability of the bricks and made the bricks more versatile. In 1958, the modern interlocking brick design was finally developed and patented.

Today Lego is sold in more than 130 countries. Every minute 33,824 Lego bricks are made, and kids around the world spend 5 billion hours a year playing with Lego. There will be more than 400 million people playing with Lego bricks this year. On average, every person in the world owns 62 Lego bricks, and about seven Lego sets are sold every second.

This year Lego fans all over the world are celebrating the 50th anniversary of the tiny building blocks. Though already 50 years old, Lego is still the same product it was in the 1950s. Bricks bought then are still compatible with current bricks and that is probably the reason the toy has never fallen out of favor.

46. Which of the following is true about the name Lego?

(A) It is a combination of Greek and Latin words.

(B) It was created by Ole Kirk Christiansen’s son.

(C) It was created in 1947 for naming the plastic toys.

(D) It came from Danish words meaning “play” and “well.”

47. When did the Lego brick become as a creative form of toy?

(A) 1958 (B) 1947 (C) 1934 (D) 1932

48. Which of the following is true in describing the popularity of Lego?

(A) More than 5 billion people in the world own Lego sets.

(B) Children spend an average of 62 dollars on Lego bricks each year.

(C) People in the world spend 400 million hours playing with Lego every year.

(D) The Lego Group now produces more than 30 thousand toy bricks every minute.

49. What is most likely the reason why Lego still remains popular?

(A) Old Lego bricks may still be connected to new ones.

(B) The company hasn’t changed its name since 1947.

(C) The material for the bricks has proved to be safe.

(D) The price of the toy is relatively reasonable.

97 年閱讀 50-53 題的觀看講解

97 年閱讀 50-53(part 2) 題的觀看講解

第 50 至 53 題為題組

During my ninth-grade year, I suffered from anorexia nervosa. It was not enough to be thin. I had to be the thinnest. Now, however, fully recovered, I can reflect back and realize that my wishes were more complex than fitting into size five pants. Many of my subconscious emotions were related to my relationship with my father. As I was growing up, his work always came first. Sometimes I would not see him for up to two weeks. Not only did he devote his whole self to his work, but he expected me to do the same (“You cannot get anywhere unless you go to the best universities!”). Though, consciously, I never felt pressure to please him, I began dieting after the first time he told me I looked fat.

At the time, all I knew was that I had to be skinny—skinnier than anyone else. Every month my father went to Europe for a week or so and on the days he left, sorrow and emptiness consumed me: Daddy was leaving. Then, I turned to focus on a mysterious weakness—a helpless childlike emotion that came from starving. I liked to know that I needed to be taken care of; maybe Daddy would take care of me.

Now, two years later and thirty-eight pounds heavier, I have come to realize that I cannot alter my father’s inability to express his feelings. Instead, I must accept myself. I know that I am a valuable person who strives to achieve and accomplish. But I cannot strive solely for others. By starving, I attempted to gain pride in myself by obtaining my father’s approval or acknowledgment of my value as a person. But the primary approval must come from me, and I feel secure now that I can live with that knowledge safely locked in my mind.

50. What is “anorexia nervosa” as mentioned in the first paragraph?

(A) It is an inability to express one’s feelings.

(B) It describes a situation of feeling insecure.

(C) It refers to people who are emotionally unstable.

(D) It is an illness that makes one want to stop eating.

51. Why did the writer suffer from anorexia nervosa?

(A) She was told by her father to take care of herself.

(B) She wanted to go to the best university.

(C) She wanted her father’s attention.

(D) She grew up in a poor family.

52. Which of the following statements is true about the writer?

(A) She has problems controlling her tempers.

(B) She is proud of herself for working hard to succeed.

(C) She has had great confidence in herself since childhood.

(D) She has changed her father’s way of expressing himself.

53. What’s the writer’s purpose of writing this passage?

(A) To blame her father.

(B) To report a case of child abuse.

(C) To reflect on a stage of growing up.

(D) To teach people how to lose weight.

98 年閱讀 40-43 題的觀看講解

第 40 至 43 題為題組

In all cultures and throughout history hair has had a special significance. In ancient Egypt, as long ago as 1500 BC, the outward appearance expressed the person’s status, role in society and political position. Wigs played an important role in this: they were crafted with great artistry and often sprinkled with powdered gold.

In the 8th century BC, the pre-Roman Celts in Northern Europe wore their hair long. In a man it was the expression of his strength, in a woman of her fertility. The idea of long hair as a symbol of male strength is even mentioned in the Bible, in the story of Samson and Delilah. Samson was a leader of the Israelites. His long hair, which he never cut, gave him superhuman powers. The only person who knew his secret was Delilah. However, she spied for the enemy and betrayed him. One night she cut off his hair and thus robbed him of his strength.

In the classical Greek period, curly hair was not only the fashion, but it also represented an attitude towards life. Curls or locks were the metaphor for change, freedom and the joy of living. The ancient Greek word for curls and locks is related to intriguing and tempting someone.

Hair is also used as a symbol of opposition. The punk protest movement today uses hair as a symbol of disapproval of the “middle-class, conventional lifestyle” by wearing provocative haircuts and shockingly colored hair. A different form of objection could be seen in the women’s hairstyles in the 1960s. Women’s liberation was expressed in a short-cut, straight and simple hairstyle which underlined equality with men without neglecting female attributes. To this day hair has kept its importance as a symbol of power, youth, vitality and health.

40. The topic of this passage could best be described as _____ .

(A) the scientific study of hairstyles

(B) the symbolic meanings of hairstyles

(C) the art of designing different hairstyles

(D) the contemporary development of hairstyles

41. Why did ancient Greeks like to wear curls and locks?

(A) To attract others.

(B) To show off their artistry.

(C) To hide their real identity.

(D) To represent power and status.

42. How did women in the 1960s use hair to show objection?

(A) They grew long hair.

(B) They dyed their hair.

(C) They cut their hair short.

(D) They shaved their heads.

43. What can be inferred from the passage?

(A) Long curly hair has always been popular since ancient times.

(B) Ancient Egyptians did not pay much attention to their hairstyles.

(C) The punk movement is one of the most successful movements in history.

(D) Samson might never have been defeated if he had kept the secret to himself.

98 年閱讀 48-51 題的觀看講解

第 48 至 51題為題組

Downloading music over the Internet is pretty common among high school and college students. However, when students download and share copyrighted music without permission, they are violating the law.

A survey of young people’s music ownership has found that teenagers and college students have an average of more than 800 illegally copied songs each on their digital music players. Half of those surveyed share all the music on their hard drive, enabling others to copy hundreds of songs at any one time. Some students were found to have randomly linked their personal blogs to music sites, so as to allow free trial listening of copyrighted songs for blog visitors, or adopted some of the songs as the background music for their blogs. Such practices may be easy and free, but there are consequences.

Sandra Dowd, a student of Central Michigan University, was fined US$7,500 for downloading 501 files from LimeWire, a peer-to-peer file sharing program. Sandra claimed that she was unaware that her downloads were illegal until she was contacted by authorities. Similarly, Mike Lewinski paid US$4,000 to settle a lawsuit against him for copyright violation. Mike expressed shock and couldn’t believe that this was happening to him. “I just wanted to save some money and I always thought the threat was just a scare tactic.” “You know, everyone does it,” added Mike.

The RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America), the organization that files lawsuits against illegal downloaders, states that suing students was by no means their first choice. Unfortunately, without the threat of consequences, students are just not changing their behavior. Education alone is not enough to stop the extraordinary growth of the illegal downloading practice.

48. Why is it common for students to download copyrighted music?

(A) They don’t think that they will be caught.

(B) They want their friends to know that they are smart.

(C) They think it is a good way to make some extra money.

(D) They are against copyright protection over Internet music.

49. What does Mike mean by saying that “the threat was just a scare tactic”?

(A) One should not be afraid of threats.

(B) A lawsuit will result from the threat.

(C) It is unfair to scare people with a threat.

(D) No serious consequence will follow the threat.

50. What is RIAA’s attitude towards students’ illegal downloading behavior?

(A) They believe that education will help greatly in protecting copyrights.

(B) They profit from the fines illegal downloaders pay for copyright violations.

(C) They like to sue students for downloading music illegally from the Internet.

(D) They think that illegal downloading behavior needs tough measures to correct.

51. What’s the best title for this passage?

(A) Copyright Violators, Beware!

(B) How to Get Free Music Online!

(C) A Survey of Students’ Downloading Habits

(D) Eliminate Illegal Music Download? Impossible!